Voice Data Systems represents one of the most important components of modern communications system, without which a professional activity nowadays can no longer be held.
Voice data systems are complex installations, comprising of cable infrastructures (UTP, optic fiber, multipair telephony cables etc.), central equipments (PBX, servers, switches, routers, Media Converters, etc.) and equipment for working stations (voice and data outlets, telephones, PCs, tablets, smartphones, smart-TVs, cameras, etc.).
The communication in a voice data network is performed based on several standards that define how the physical connections and software protocols are installed and configured. The user benefits from voice data networks (structured cabling) are: flexibility and simplicity in use (eg, in a well configured network, the user can connect new equipments into the network by himself with minimal knowledge, without the need for intervention of a specialized team).
The voice data system structure is chosen depending on the size of the building / buildings and the need for workstations. The network cabling can be in the form of a star, redundant or combined ring, depending on the building architecture and system needs (if a business critical type network is implemented, cabling needs to be done in redundant ring).
The IT room is the heart of the voice data systems, usually here are being focused the splitter cabinets (racks), active equipment (servers, media converters, switches, routers, firewalls, etc.) and passive equipments (patch panels, optic fiber, telephone and data patch panels, organizers, etc). With the help of the patch panels we choose the functionality of a voice data outlet(either it connects and configures into the switch, thus becoming a data port either plugs into the telephone distribution frame, becoming a voice port).